Water for the project comes from both the Deschutes and Crooked Rivers. Water travels out of Wickiup Reservoir in to the Deschutes River, where it is diverted to the North Unit main canal in Bend. From there, the water reaches users via the district’s 65 miles of main canal and 235 miles of laterals.
Supplies from the Deschutes water rights are stored in Wickiup Reservoir, located 60 miles southwest of Bend. At capacity, Wickiup covers an area of 10,000 acres. The reservoir is a popular fishing destination and is known for its population of large brown trout. Historically known as the Wickiup’s, the area was a fall camping spot for Native Americans. The Wickiup Dam was started in 1939 and completed a decade later.
In 1968, the district constructed a pumping plant on the Crooked River near Smith Rocks for additional water supplies. Water is pumped 120 feet up the canyon from the Crooked River where it discharges into the main canal. The water then crosses the Crooked River in a 520 foot long concrete flume.
The pumping plant consists of nine vertical shaft pumps with a total capacity of 200 cubic feet per second. Each pump is powered by a 450-horsepower motor that pumps the water into a 60-inch steel-pipe discharge line.
Named after Haystack Butte, Haystack Reservoir was created as an irrigation storage regulating facility in 1956. Located 7 miles south of Madras, the reservoir is a favorite fishing and recreation spot for locals.
The Bureau of Reclamation operates a network of automated monitoring stations located throughout the Pacific Northwest, referred to as Hydromet. This remote data collection provides cost-effective, near-real-time water management capability. To see reservoir capacities, river flows and canal flows in the Deschutes & Crooked River Basin please click on the following link: